Importing goods into Australia can be a great way to expand what you offer to your customers, especially if you can’t find a local manufacturer. It’s important to be aware of the challenges, regulations, costs and more that come with importing from overseas.
Before you order your first container, read through our handy ten-step checklist and get the knowledge you need to understand what importing involves.
The Australian Government has quite a few regulations you’ll need to follow if you’re importing goods. Fortunately, there are some great online resources to tell you what you need to know. All imports must follow government regulations.
You can start by looking at the import rules from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, who are the main agency responsible for clearing your goods through customs. Here’s another helpful guide from the Department of Agriculture on areas you’ll need to consider when you’re importing.
There is no requirement for businesses or individuals to have an overall license to import goods into Australia, however you may need a permit to clear certain types of goods through customs.
Several categories of goods are restricted or prohibited from import. You can find a complete list here, but in general you will be prevented or restricted from importing dangerous chemicals, pharmaceuticals, narcotics, certain foods, weapons, tobacco, and some biological materials. Check the list for a complete guide and information on who to contact to request permission. Importing industrial chemicals also requires additional registration.
You will need to understand rules of origin and make sure you follow them.
If you’re important plant, animal(including live plants and animals), mineral, or human products they will almost certainly need to be quarantined and treated for pests or other biological factors. You can find full details of quarantine rules in Australia here.
You will almost certainly have to pay some taxes and tariffs on your imported goods. Spend some time learning about:
Import entry costs and processing charges which you can find here.
Understanding how to value goods for customs duty taxes.
Find out if you have to pay goods and services tax.
Getting the right tariff classification for your goods.
Excise duty on alcohol, tobacco and fuel.
You’ll also need an Australian Business Number to claim tax credits and defer tax payments. You should contact your taxation office for more information.
Here’s an estimation of the types of charges and fees you’ll need to pay:
If your goods are valued at over $1,000 AUD, you will almost certainly have to pay import duty and GST on them.
Import entry costs and processing charges - Customs will charge you a fee (typically under $200 AUD) for processing your goods.
Customs import duty is calculated as a percentage of the price you paid for the goods. The duty rate can range from 0% to 10%, but the rate for most goods is 5%.
Goods and services sales tax (GST) will also be charged based on the following:
The valuation of the goods plus;
The customs import duty amount plus;
The cost of insuring the goods and transporting them to Australia.
GST is charged at 10% of the final amount.
This is just intended as a general guide - These charges can be influenced by what you’re bringing in, excise taxes, free trade agreements, and many other factors. Please do check with customs for your individual circumstances.
Some types of goods are eligible for concessions (reducing the amount of duty you need to pay). You can find a full list and requirements through this page, just look for “List of current tariff concession orders.” You’ll also find additional details on concession schemes here.
Australia has a number of free trade agreements with other governments and countries around the world. These are designed to ease international trade barriers and reduce import costs. There’s lots of very useful information on FTAs here, based on the country you’re importing from.
There are several other costs you’ll need to be prepared for:
The cost of buying the goods in the first place.
Shipping and logistics costs for overseas and domestic shipping.
Freight handling charges levied by airports or seaports.
At a minimum, imported goods must be properly labelled. This includes the country of manufacture and origin, a true description of the goods, a sender’s address, and a recipient’s address. The labels should be in English, attached to the goods in a prominent position and be clear and easy to read.
Everyone’s circumstances and import requirements are different. It’s vital that you check all the information in this guide and then speak to customs to find out any other information you need. Full contact details are available here.
Importing comes with a lot of challenges including paying overseas suppliers.
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